Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Everything you need to know about Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders!

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD)
that are caused by drinking alcohol during pregnancy:

FAS: Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Symptoms include small head/body, facial characteristics, brain damage
FAE: Fetal Alcohol Effects
Symptoms usually not visible, such as behavior disorders, attention deficits
ARBD: Alcohol Related Birth Defects
Anomalies such as heart defects, sight/hearing problems, joint anomalies, etc.
ARND: Alcohol Related Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Disorders such as attention deficits, behavior disorders, obsessive/compulsive disorder, etc.

FASD in a Nutshell
  • FASD is the leading known cause of mental retardation.(AMA)
  • Most individuals with FASD have normal intelligence.(FADU)
  • FASD causes serious social and behavior problems.(FADU)
  • Each year in the US 5,000 babies are born with FAS (1/500).(NOFAS)
  • Five times as many are born with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD).(FADU)
  • No amount of alcohol is known to be safe during pregnancy.(March of Dimes)
  • Alcohol causes more damage to baby than any other drug.(Institute of Medicine)
  • More American babies are born with FAS than with Down Syndrome, MD, and HIV combined.(NOFAS)
  • FAS and related conditions are 100% preventable.(March of Dimes)

For more information on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders, visit
FAS Community Resource Center
Last update: May 24, 2003